5 misconceptions about STDs & STIs that you have to stop believing
Do you think you know everything about sexually transmitted diseases and infections? What if some of this information is false? We dissect with you the received ideas on STDs and STIs.
Having sex without a condom means exposing yourself to the risk of unwanted pregnancies if there is no other contraception, but also to the risk of sexually transmitted diseases or infections. The problem is that young people are rather poorly informed about STDs and STIs. And that's how one in two young people ends up contracting an STD or STI before their 25th birthday. Yes, you read that right, one in two young people. But that's because there is still a lot of misinformation about how one can contract and prevent sexually transmitted diseases and infections. It is time to destroy conventional wisdom in order to understand all that is at stake.
Myth # 1: You would know if you or your partner had an STD or STI
This is one of the most common misconceptions. And for good reason, we wrongly imagine that STDs and STIs all have recognizable symptoms. But it's wrong ! Certain diseases, such as chlamydia or herpes have no symptoms or symptoms that are too mild to notice. So you could have an STD or STI without knowing it, just like your partner. In reality, the only way to find out if you have an STD or STI is by getting tested.
Myth # 2: You can't get an STD or STI by doing oral sex
Although it is less likely than with vaginal or anal intercourse, it is still possible to get STDs or STIs by practicing fellatio or cunnilingus, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, herpes , hepatitis B and even papillomavirus. It is therefore important to protect yourself, even with oral sex, by using condoms.
Myth # 3: You can't get an STD or STI by putting on condoms
Even if you are careful to protect yourself, you are not immune to getting an STD or STI. Indeed, some diseases are transmitted by skin contact and protections such as condoms do not cover the whole skin around the genital area, which means that there is always a possibility of transmission, even if it is rarer. And no, two condoms are no better than one, it's even more risky because it increases tears. So if you or your partner has an STD or STI, it is best to wait until it is cured.
Myth # 4: Only people who have a lot of sexual partners get STDs or STIs
This is a received idea to banish. Whether you have had more than one sexual partner or only have one, there is as much risk of getting an STD or STI. Why ? Simply because diseases and infections can be transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex as well as through skin contact, as we said above. In addition, if you have several partners but you protect yourself well and you screen regularly, you are less likely to get an STI than if you do it with one person, without a condom.
Myth # 5: You can get STDs and STIs from toilet seats
No, sexually transmitted diseases and infections cannot be caught through toilet seats. At least, it hasn't been proven yet. "There is no good scientific data or evidence on this", said Dr. Raegan McDonald-Moseley, chief medical officer of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, to Teen Vogue magazine. "These viruses or bacteria like to live inside the human body, and it is therefore unlikely that these viruses will stay alive outside", he also added. On the other hand, you can grab gastro.
So when are you going to get tested? You can get it prescribed by a health professional, or do it for free in the Free Information, Screening and Diagnosis Center, Maternal and Child Planning Centers (PMI), Family Planning and Education Centers (CPEF) and Planning or Family Planning Centers.
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